Table of Contents
- 1 What Does a Midge fly look like?
- 2 What Attracts Midges? What do midges eat?
- 3 Midge life Cycle?
- 4 Types of Midges
- 5 Why Do Midges Bite?
- 6 How to get rid of midges naturally?
- 7 Homemade midge repellent
What Does a Midge fly look like?
Biting midges are tiny flies that breed near swampy regions. These insects are somewhat dangerous since they bite and draw blood from their victims, including humans.
The grown-up flies are less than 1/8 of an inch long and are gray in color. Biting midges have segmented antennae, 2 wings and 6 legs. Females have a proboscis for drawing blood.
What Attracts Midges? What do midges eat?
Midges normally nourish themselves with flower nectar or the juices which has high sugar level in it, for instance plant sap.
Midges are also attracted to humans, their pets and livestock because of their body heat, CO2 and human odors. Once midges become alert of these cues, they track down their victim.
Midge life Cycle?
Midge eggs are rested in wet or swampy surfaces and soon hatch into larvae. As the larvae develop, they require staying moist. They collect nutrients by consuming small organisms. They develop into adult grown-up flies in less than 14 days.
Larvae stop growing as the winter season arrives. They then stay underwater until the winters are over.
Midges of all types are a typical food source for fish, different insects, birds, and spiders.
Types of Midges
Biting midges are flies in the family of Ceratopogonidae, which comprise of 4,000 species worldwide. Over 600 species in 36 genera have been recognized in North America, the massive majority of which either feeds on other insects or other animals.
Species in only four genera of biting midges feed on the blood of the mammals. The genera that are important to human and livestock health in the U. S. are Culicoides, Forcipomyia and Leptoconops.
Very limited information is there regarding biting midges in Indiana, but distribution data indicate that varied species exist in the state.
Why Do Midges Bite?
Female midges are the ones who generally bite. These require protein from human blood to begin producing eggs. Biting midges can strike any kind of Birds, mammal, amphibians, and reptiles.
Some species bite and feed in the daytime, others in darkness and at the evening. Lights can attract night-feeding midges, and they slip through window screens because of it.
How to get rid of midges naturally?
One can avoid midges naturally by making a pine oil strip. It’s only a cloth that’s soaked in pine oil and you can place the cloth anywhere you want to keep midges away.
All what is required to do is to take any old piece of clothing and soak the whole thing in pine oil.
Natural pine oil can be bought at a shop. After it’s soaked, place the cloth above any possible entrances of the house, such as:
- Pet doors
- Garage doors
One can also attach the cloth directly to the window and patio door screens to keep midges away. The cloth can also be hung outside but the pine oil will vaporize quickly and it’ll have to get replaced it again. This
DIY repellent works better indoor. This will also keep them away from coming into the house through window or door screenings.
Homemade midge repellent
Here’s a common recipe that does pretty well against biting midges.
Items required to make homemade midge repellent
- 1 cup of distilled water
- 3 tablespoons Citronella oil
- 2 cups vinegar
- 1 tablespoon Eucalyptus oil
- 3 tablespoons Lemongrass oil
- Spray bottle
How to make the spray
- Take all the items listed above in same proportions as mentioned.
- Mix all the essential oils, water, and vinegar.
- Fill the above mix in a spray bottle, shake it well. The spray is ready.
How to use homemade midges spray
- Spray directly on midges to kill them.
- You can also spray on surfaces and plants to avoid them temporarily.
- Note that this spray will stink, keep it away from your skin or eyes.
Each season is a season to rejoice and not bother about insects. We have now found methods that are simple to use in fighting these pests. We don’t have to worry about them anymore.
Take control of the home and be in charge of what is around you. Shut all the entrance and use what they dislike as your weapon to attack. Do not wait until you are attacked, finish them instead.