What are bats and how do they look like?
As scary as they might seem, bats are actually quite peaceful and even shy, though they might qualify for the nuisance pests knowing their behavior. They will encourage you to keep your home free of bats while allowing them to play their pest control role within the food chain.
- All bats have similar shape and webbed wing structure.
- The bigger bat (mega bats) may carry a wingspan of up to five feet and a weight of just more than two pounds. The minor type (called micro bats) may have a wingspan of about six inches and weigh less than one ounce.
- Bats may also resemble Chihuahua.
- Some bats reside together in colonies generally ranging from 100-1,000 individuals. Others are solitary and live alone.
- Approximately 40-50 bat species call the U.S. home, and more than 1,200 species have been found worldwide.
There is a balance between a female bat’s slow reproductive rate (one to two newborns, called pups, every year) and a bat’s fairly long life up to 18-20 years. Yet females produce not a lot of off springs, and because other creatures like owls, hawks, and even snakes, their populations are likely to thinning numbers or extinction.
Mating season emerges during fall, with males and females meeting to breed in hibernation sites. After the pups are born during the spring season, groups come jointly to form maternal regions. The mothers leave at night to locate food and water and return later to the nurse. The pups fly away after one month, usually in the summer season. Because the pups are unused to flying and to the region in general, they’re the ones most likely to drift into a human residence by accident.
What do bats eat?
Bats have very sharp teeth to cut with and eat a wide species of insects such as grasshoppers, beetles, moths, crickets, mosquitoes, small fish, frogs, and lizards.
Some bats can even eat scorpions and deadly centipedes especially as the Pallid bat from the Arizona desert which is immune to their poison.
Spectral bats from Costa Rica are big bats, with a wingspan of almost three feet. They are carnivore in nature; they eat a wide variety of tiny vertebrates, including birds, rats, and small opossums.
In Addition, bats are well-known for consuming vegetables and fruits.
The Greater Short-nosed Fruit Bat is known as an important pollinator and seed disperser for a wide variety of plants in Thailand and The Flying Fox.
How do bats get in the house?
If you confront a bat nearby, there must be some definite reason. One or more of the following likely applies to your house:
- You live near to a food source. Remember that bats eat insects such as moths and mosquitoes, as well as various kinds of fruits and plants.
- Your house and/or your area offer useful shelter. Darkened and well-shaded areas give bats a place to roost during the daytime. Indoor resting sites could include attic space, porch eaves, a barn, roof voids, and even storm drains. Outdoor locations mean caves, hollowed areas in trees, mine tunnels, and under bridges. Any entrance of half an inch or bigger is all a bat needs for passage.
Bats love the low temperature. These creatures live all over the world in a variety of geographies: forests, farmlands, mountains, and cities. There are limited areas where bats aren’t considered. Because most of the people in U.S. rest in a warm and moist climate, bats will establish roosts in various states.
12 Effective Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bats
The mothballs are also referred to as naphthalene balls. They are among the useful solutions to get rid of bats. They not only chase away the bats from homes but also make sure that they do not re-enter the house ever again. These mothballs are easily available at pest control shops and stores. The technique of using these mothballs is very simple; you just need to put them in hardware cloth and hang that cloth in the home. The effectiveness and efficiency of this mothball depend on the ventilation of the mothball. If the mothball is spotted where the ventilation is poor, the outcomes will be poor as well. The mothballs must be used quite carefully because if it is used in large amounts, it can cause health risks.
If you have sufficient netting material and sealants, you have the strategy to get the bats out of your house. You just have to look for the residing regions of the bat and observe their entry and exit timing. Once you get to know that the bat has left the area in search of food or for roaming you require to clear the area at once.
Phenol is considered to be a decent one to make the bats quit your place. This repels very irritating and bad odors to repel the bats. It makes the place very terrible and unbearable for them to reside in. The place starts disturbing them. It encourages them to quit the place. The best one recommended is white phenol. You can utilize it in a water spraying bottle and spritz it all over the area where the bats reside. The best way is to keep spraying it until the odor gets so tough that the home bats leave. It is an extraordinary method to drive the bats quickly.
4. Repair walls
The most common and most used entrance points by bats are the doors and walls. The walls of the homes may have tiny holes which make it simple for the bats to enter into your home. The wall having a hole of 1 or 2 inches is sufficient for the bats to enter into home and create a mess. If you find something in your home, you must instantly repair your walls and seal the place.
You can easily get the per aerosol repellents in the pest control shops. You just need to buy these repellents and sprinkle them where the bats reside. They will soon leave the place. It does not physically harm the bats.
6. Mylar balls
It is the most efficient way to chase away the bats living nearby. Once you see that the bats have quit their spot, hang these Mylar balloons. These balloons are filled with helium. You should keep the balloons in motion. These Mylar balloons are generally kept in motion to terrify the bats away. You should go for the Mylar balloon that glows the most. Hang the ball and move near the bat’s nest. Once they get the scared chances are that they will never return. One thing is that you have to make sure to fill the balloon with helium regularly.
7. Hang aluminum foil
It is also an extremely efficient method like the one mentioned above. The advantage it has over other methods is that it is most affordable among them all. You can just dangle the aluminum foils. It will automatically reflect light and keep disturbing and annoying the bats. If you place some aluminum foil balls closer to each other, they will crash into one another and make weird noises.
This is another gentle method that will not physically harm the bats but let them out skillfully. It is a combination of mirrors and light. This method is costly as it requires a sufficient amount of finance to regularly supply light to reflect. You need to light the area in the daytime when the bats are sleeping. This can effectively stop all the residing bats in your area.
9. Water spray
This is one of the friendliest methods to get rid of bats from home. People usually opt for strategies that can physically harm or even kill the bats. You just need to spray some water in the nests of the bat when they are sleeping. If you do this regularly, then they will never come back.
10. Christmas decoration
Christmas decoration is one of the best strategies to get rid of the bats. This is the best for someone who is not likely to spend a lot of money on bat repels and can make the decoration of Christmas to repel the bats away. The shining and moving objects on the Christmas decoration tree will scare the bats, and they will be very scared to come back again.
This oil is not only profitable for the insect repellent but also an excellent repellent for bats. It is easy to use. The smell of this oil will irritate the bats so much that they will be forced to leave the spot. This method is very helpful to show fast results. Purchase a lot of eucalyptus gel and spread it where the bats are residing, this will make them fly away.
Bats dislike the smell of cinnamon more than eucalyptus. You need to spray this 2 to 5 times to get rid of bats. Cinnamon powder is also useful. You can sprinkle some of the powder in the nest; bats will be gone after this. Cinnamon is also well known as a repellent poison bat.
Do’s and Don’t while dealing with Bats
- Get rid of them before their mating season.
- The suitable time to do bat evacuation is at evening, that time the bats are in search of their prey.
- The bat evacuation must be repeated twice a week for positive results.
- To avoid their access in home, use the chimney caps and keep your windows and doors close. Repair walls and the holes in your walls as well.
- Never try to catch them or harm them physically. They may bite you very harshly.
- Don’t use pesticides or bat poison.
- If one method does not help, don’t give up. Try the maximum methods for helpful results.
- If you want to get rid of them quickly, you should call the professionals or the bat control expert.
How to keep bats away?
Whether or not you have struggled with a bat infestation, you should regularly incorporate prevention procedures around your residence. These are often easy measures that will help keep your house safe and clean.
1. Continuously Monitor Your Home
Everyday wear and tear is inevitable, and even the best-built houses are subject to weather and noises from wildlife. Bats can arrive in holes as small as 3/8 inch, so it’s crucial to frequently monitor for damage on your house’s exterior. The moment an entrance is available, it’s only a matter of time before bats or different pests find their way inside. Your house may not seem suitable for the bats, but it can still provide shelter, warmth, and food they want to survive.
2. Maintain Exclusion Practices
Bats enjoy peaceful, untouched areas, which is why they’re generally found in places that are high up and away from other animals. Try to regularly clean the areas in your house where you usually aren’t active. A loud room or one with more movement will prevent bats from venturing inside.
Furthermore, make sure you aren’t creating easy entrances. Keep your doors closed when they aren’t being used, and never leave windows cracked open overnight unless you have safe protective screens over them. You can also invest in covers for vents and openings along the exterior of the house.
3. Create Alternate Nesting Opportunities
Attracting bats to your residence may sound like the last thing you would need to do, but giving them a viable option outside of your house is really a much better solution than dealing with attic bats or any kind of removal process.
You can buy a bat house online, in shops, or easily create one on your own with easy, cheap materials. These are usually made of wood and provide sufficient space for several bats to rest while keeping out light and allowing for drainage of their urine and feces. You can dangle the bat home high up on a tree where the bats are most likely to fly inside of it.
Frequently asked Questions
1. How do Bats Damage Property?
A bat colony will continually return year after year to the same roost, often going overlooked until the colony has grown quite large.
When colonies get bigger, they create serious damage due to the waste they produce.
Bat feces called guano, and urine is very lethal and has a foul ammonia-like smell that will corrode a roof or different parts of the structure causing critical damage.
2. Do Bats Transmit Harmful Diseases?
Bats are known to carry dangerous diseases that are a severe threat to health. Bats transmit diseases such as SARS, Ebola, Coronavirus, rabies, and many other flu-like viruses through direct or indirect transmission.
Zoonotic diseases from bats have increasingly been considerable concern in the scientific community.
3. How to Know If You Have a Bat Issue?
Unfortunately, signs of a bat infestation are not always visible until the colony becomes very huge.
Bat colonies generally start out with just a few mating pairs and can go unseen for years before it becomes noticeable.
1. Look for Brownish Stains Near Entrance and Exit Locations.
When bats enter and exit a hole or void, they will leave brown colored stains or rub marks from body oil that accumulate over time, which can sometimes be mistaken for contour or mold.
If under a barrel tile roof, the build-up of guano and urine will evacuate additional brownish stains, usually streaking down the sides of the pattern.
2. Look for Bat Guano and A Strong Ammonia Smell.
If in home, bats will leave heaps of guano dropping under the roosting area.
Bat feces have an ammonia-like odor that gets very intense.
As a colony becomes bigger, fifty to several hundred, the air quality can become very poor, to the point where breathing is not possible.
3. Look for Bats Exiting At Dusk.
At evening one should try the spots from where the bats exit the home.
As they start exiting, bats will make extremely low chirping sounds that sound like very soft tweets.
You may also listen to scratching sounds from their sharp claws as they crawl to the exit points.
4. Look for Bats Entering at Dawn.
At dawn, right before daylight, bats return to the roost from a night of feeding.
They are easier to spot in the morning since they return together in larger numbers to take shelter before daylight.
They will swarm around until they can find an entrance hole and then disappear into roost.
Make sure that your house is not infested by bats and take precautionary steps to get rid of bats in the early stage. You can also buy the best bat repellent available in market. Keep away bats from your home with just simple home remedies.