Coyote Facts | What do Coyotes Eat? How Dangerous are Coyotes?

Coyote Facts | What do Coyotes Eat? How Dangerous are Coyotes?

The coyotes are often talked about in the tales and traditions of Native Americans—mostly as a very savvy and smart animal. Modern coyotes got their smartness by adapting to the changing American geography.

These creatures of the dog family once lived largely in open prairies and deserts, but now travel the continent’s forests and mountains. They have inhabited in cities like Los Angeles, and are now in almost all of the North America. 

Opportunistic Diet of Coyotes

These adaptable animals can eat about anything. They hunt fishes, rabbits, rodents, frogs, and even deer. They can also feed on snakes, insects, fruits, grass, and carrions. And they sometimes kill calves, lambs, or other livestock, as well as pets. Many herders and farmers consider them as destructive pests.

Behavior of Coyotes

Coyotes are generally found in the area where they enjoy the keen vision and a strong sense of taste. They can run up to 40 miles an hour. And in the rain and winter, they form packs for more productive hunting.

Coyotes form dominant family groups. In the spring season, female coyotes give birth to litters of three to twelve pups. Both parents feed and take care of their children and their province. The pups can hunt by themselves by the pursuing fall.

Coyotes are smaller in size if compared with wolves and are some of the times called prairie wolves or brush wolves. They convey through a distinctive call, which at night often evolves into a raucous canine chorus.

Are Coyotes Harmful?

Coyotes are not that dangerous to humans. There are no known coyote attacks on humans. The coyote is a significant part of the ecosystem and helps to keep the community of the rodent in check while they have an indirect part of helping the bird population to prosper even more.

However, if you let them come in the lawn or on the street, then it is something to worry about. Generally, the coyote is not known to attack the animals or larger dogs but sometimes it might happen. 

Coyote is known to disseminate or to carry some types of ailments that may be transmitted to the cats or to the dogs. The list may comprise rabies, hepatitis, distemper, parvovirus and others.

The coyote also may spread fleas, ticks, intestinal worms and mange. There are also other infections that may be passed out to the pets.

There are many valid reasons why you and your neighbors should get rid of coyotes so that they do not become too used to of your place.

Guide for Homemade coyote traps

One can make the Homemade Coyote Trap by just following below steps :

1. Cut an aircraft wire

Buy a ⅛ inch of aircraft wire. Then, use cable cutters to cut the wire so that it is 48 inches in length.

2. Plug two holes in a washer

Using a 5/32 inch drill bit, plug two holes in a flat washer. Put the washer flat and drill one hole at the top and the other hole at the bottom of the washer. For instance, the two holes should be placed at 12 and 6 o’clock. Fix the holes between the pre-existing center hole of the washer and the outer edge.

3. Sprinkle the washer using a vise

Place the washer in a bench vise and clutch the washer. It should bend just in half. This will form the lock for the snare.

4. String the aircraft wire through a nut

Take one end of the cable and string it through a ¼ inch nut. Then, string it back through the nut making a loop. Proceed to pull the wire back through the nut until you have a loop with a ¾ inch (2 cm) diameter.Leave an additional inch of cable at the end.

5. Thump the nut closed

Place the nut on an anvil and thump the nut so that the wire is fastened in place and the loop is closed.

6. Push the wire through the washer holes

Push the wire through the top hole of the washer, from the exterior of the bend to the inner. Pull the wire about a foot through the washer. Then, loop the wire through the bottom hole of the washer from the inner of the bend to the exterior.This should build a loop.

7. String the end of the wire through a nut

Make a cork at the end of the wire. String the end through a ¼ inch nut. There should be about ½ an inch (1 cm) of wire thrusting out through the center of the nut.

8. Thump the nut closed

Put the nut on an anvil and hammer it so that the nut tightens around the wire, locking it in place. The snare is now finished and ready to be fixed.

9. Fix the snare trap

In order to set a snare trap, you need to place it on a path or trail that is visited often by coyotes. Then, connect the small looped end of the snare to a solid subject, such as a fence post or small sapling. This will fix the snare in place. Hang the larger loop from a close branch so that the bottom of the loop is nearly 12 inches off the ground.

When a coyote steps past, it will confuse the hanging wire for a branch and walk into the snare. The loop will fasten, trapping the coyote as it goes on walking and the bent washer will prevent the loop from unlocking.

Frequently asked Questions about Coyotes

1. How fast can a coyote run?

During the quest, a coyote may reach speeds up to 43 mph (69 km/h) and can jump a length of over 4 meters (13⅛ feet).

2. How to keep coyote traps from freezing?

Use buckwheat hulls and waxed dirt. You can even make your own waxed dirt. It isn’t very hard, but it can be a little messy.

3. Why wax coyote traps?

Dye and wax, both have a reason. Rust is a major problem, if you are going to keep them in use during the winter, you will get them wet, and if they get wet, the mud freezes and they don’t work in a slab of ice. So, to keep them from freezing you have to add slight calcium chloride to the mud and you will have rust trouble solved. Waxing adds protection and makes them a little quicker and longer-lasting. 


Coyotes are innocent animals if not disturbed. Though, they can pose a great risk to livestock animals and even pets. So, many people expect to trap them not for killing objectives but for assuring safety and protection. Foothold and cage traps are some of the easiest and cautious ways to trap coyotes without causing them any injury. Make sure that you consider all mentioned factors, such as lightweight and build quality before buying one.

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