Voles are a tiny species of mammal that are a part of the rodent family. Voles are occasionally bewildered with the common house mouse. However, they spend their whole lives living outdoors and it is relatively uncommon for them to invade the inside of a home.
Voles are known for creating underground tunnels and burrows that they use to store food inside and this is also where they give birth to and raise their young.
What do voles look like?
Adult voles vary in length from 5-8 inches including their short fur-covered tail. Voles have short legs, short stocky bodies, small dark eyes, and fully developed ears that are somewhat hidden from view. Voles vary in color from brownish to black.
What does a vole eat?
Voles are usually herbivorous and feed on a variety of grasses, herbaceous, plants etc. They eat the roots of the tree in the month of fall or winter. These voles make a stock of seeds and other plant material in the underground sections.
Do voles bite?
Voles have teeth and thus are capable of biting. However, it would be very rare to actually be bitten by a vole.
Are voles dangerous?
Voles are not contemplated to be physically hazardous to people, but they are hazardous in the sense that they can spread disease through their feces and urine and introduce parasites onto your property. They furthermore can cause major damage to lawns, landscaping, fruit trees, and grain crops.
What are the signs of a vole infestation?
The most significant sign of a vole infestation is finding above ground “runways”. The runways are usually about 1-2 inches wide and are typically found in grassy areas. Voles use these runways for travel and they also attach the entrances of their tunnels together.
Active runways will have lots of vole droppings on their surface. Another indication of a vole infestation is plants and grasses that have dried up and turned yellowish in color.
How to trap a vole?
The following steps can be included in achieving the task of trapping a vole.
- The first and extensively effective step is habitat modification. Since voles do not go far away from their nests in the look of the food, reduce food availability in the area to stimulate them to move to a more favorable one. Remove fallen fruits and nuts which are an attractive source of food for voles. Turn over the turf and mix it with gravel to prevent voles from making tunnels.
- Place barriers around trees and crops. Purchase special cover defending trees so that voles cannot gnaw the bark. A wire mesh wrapped around the trunk is excellent at keeping voles away. Ideal measurements of fence are about 22 inches in height and one foot deep.
- Apply aroma repellents made with ingredients like castor oil to keep voles away from the garden.
- Use venoms in the form of granules and blocks. Venoms are very effective in the winter and autumn when voles are short of food supplies. For safety purposes, place the venom in a bait station or directly into the vole’s tunnel. Slow-acting venoms like JT Eaton anticoagulant bait are the largely recommended ones.
- Trap voles, even though this will not help significantly diminish their population. Take necessary precautions while using as these devices can be harmful.